The scientific base: reminiscence research

Reminiscence means reflecting and symbolised reexperience from earlier happenings/events. (compare Parker 1995). Researches show, that reminiscence as well as an organized looking back at the own life, has a positiv effect on the physical wellbeeing for elderly people (compare Bohlmeijer 2007). There is more potential in looking back and reprocessing the information, than it is to just reminisc single moments in the memories. This organized reprocessing show positive effects as well. To be creative (writing diaries for example) has been shown as particularly beneficial. (compare Flood & Phillips 2007). Bornat means, that reminiscience has an experimental potential, where dementia patients could profit from extended technics. (compare Bornat 2001). The benefits from reminiscience are also rehabilitated for dementia patients and contents small disorientation when the patient is moved from one residential care home for the elderly to an other, a generall increasing wellbeeing, a slight addiction to depressions and increasing cognitive and lingusitical abilities. (compare Webster et al. 2010).  According to this knowledge, the playful reprocessing of the own familytree planed in this project, could be expected to deliver a positive effect.

Bohlmeijer, E., Roemer, M., Cuikpers, P. & Smit, F. 2007, ‘The effects of reminiscence on psychological well-­being in older adults: A meta-analysis’, Aging & Mental Health, vol. 11, no. 3, pp. 291­-200.

Bornat, J. 2001, ‘Reminiscence and oral history: parallel universes or shared endeavour?’, Ageing and Society, vol. 21, pp. 219-­241.

Flood, M. & Phillips, K.D. 2007, ‘Creativity in older adults: a plethora of possibilities’, Issues in Mental Health Nursing, vol. 28, pp. 389-­411.

Parker, R.G. 1995, ‘Reminiscence: A Continuity Theory Framework’, The Gerontologist, vol. 35, no. 4, pp. 515-525.

Webster, J.D., Bohlmeijer, E.T. & Westerhof, G.J. 2010, ‘Mapping the Future of Reminiscence: A Conceptual Guide for Research and Practice’, Research on Aging, vol. 32, p. 527.